Treatment of Pancreatic Exocrine Insufficiency with Enteric Coated Pancreatin Formulations: An Overview

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37285/ijpsn.2013.6.3.3

Authors

  • B K Bhattacharyya
  • s Chowdhury
  • S Das
  • S Mukherjee
  • D Bhattacharjee

Abstract

Pancreatin is a mixture of several digestive enzymes produced by the exocrine cells of the pancreas. It is composed of amylase, lipase and protease. It is used to treat conditions in which pancreatic secretions are deficient, such as surgical pancreatectomy, pancreatitis and cystic fibrosis. Pancreatin products contain the pancreatic enzymes trypsin, amylase and lipase. The patients with pancreatic diseases often suffer from pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. In such condition pancreas does not secrete required amount of digestive enzymes for proper digestion to occur. Severe pancreatic insufficiency occurs in cystic fibrosis, chronic pancreatitis, tumors or after surgical resection. Thus pancreatic exocrine insufficiency may result in clinical manifestation of malnutrition, weight loss and steatorrhea leading towards the increased risk of morbidity and mortality. For the improvement of clinical symptoms, restriction of fat intake and pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy are recommended. The enzyme substitution therapy is very much challenging because the optimal enzyme dose is highly variable to mimic the physiological pattern of pancreatic exocrine secretion. Regulatory authorities have approved several pancreatic enzyme formulations in the form of enteric coated minimicrosphere which are now available commercially. This review focuses on the physiological considerations of   pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and its treatment with enteric coated pancreatin formulations. 

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Keywords:

Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, enzyme replacement therapy, fat digestion, enteric coated pancreatin, minimicrosphere, dose

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Published

2013-11-30

How to Cite

1.
Bhattacharyya BK, Chowdhury s, Das S, Mukherjee S, Bhattacharjee D. Treatment of Pancreatic Exocrine Insufficiency with Enteric Coated Pancreatin Formulations: An Overview. Scopus Indexed [Internet]. 2013 Nov. 30 [cited 2024 May 18];6(3):2125-30. Available from: https://www.ijpsnonline.com/index.php/ijpsn/article/view/629

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