Development of Hospital Formulary for an Emergency Drug List in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital




Background: In an emergency situation, timing is an important factor that requires sound knowledge about the patient's health condition, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as the administration of an appropriate drug at the appropriate time, which helps save a patient’s life. To ease the workflow, we decided to develop an emergency drug formulary. The study aims to develop a hospital formulary for an emergency drug list and compare it with the WHO standard formulary and the National Formulary of India. 

Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out at Vivekananda General Hospital, Hubballi, for a period of six months. A monograph of emergency drugs was drafted based on the needs of the hospital and prepared by referring to various different sources of data. The developed hospital formulary was made into electronic copies and handbooks, and a review was obtained from healthcare professionals. 

Results: The results showed that there were 130 drugs in the emergency drug formulary. It includes various categories of medication given in the case of different emergency conditions (cardiac emergencies, neurological emergencies, endocrine emergencies, poisoning emergencies, respiratory emergencies, fluid and electrolyte emergencies, and miscellaneous emergency drugs). While comparing the contents of the monograph with other formulary monographs, we found that the formulary that we had developed was more effective. There were five fixed-dose combinations (FDCs), 27 drugs that are safe to use during pregnancy, 84 drugs that should be used with caution while pregnant, and 1 drug that was contraindicated. We also found that there were 59 drugs that were compatible with breastfeeding; 63 needed to be used with caution; and 12 should be avoided during breastfeeding.

Conclusion: The developed emergency formulary acts as a quick reference, helps in selecting the appropriate drug at the appropriate dose and time, and also helps in selecting low-cost alternative brands.


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Hospital Formulary, Emergency drugs, National Formulary of India, British National Formulary, World Health Organization Essential Drug List, National Essential Drug List



How to Cite

Hiremath JS, Viswanatha Swamy AH, Nyamagoud SB, Reddy PPK, Bullapur PC, K V, et al. Development of Hospital Formulary for an Emergency Drug List in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital. Scopus Indexed [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 14];17(2). Available from:



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